The benefits of pellet fuel
Pellet granules are a modern type of fuel on an organic basis, which has these advantages over other types of solid fuel:
- Security. This type of fuel is practically not subject to self-ignition and does not cause an allergic reaction to people;
- High thermal ability. They are drier (unlike wood, they contain an order of magnitude less moisture) and are very dense, which ensures high efficiency compared to firewood;
- Environmental friendliness. Pellet fuel contains no more than 3% ash, which provides a low degree of emission of harmful substances into the atmosphere;
- Automation. Pellets have a constant granule size and bulk density. Due to this, they can be kept in a special hopper, which will be metered to supply fuel to the boiler.
When buying pellets, pay attention to their quality, density, dust and fine fractions in the package.
Pellet application procedure
Before starting operation, make sure they are stored in a dry place with minimal humidity. So, the process of using pellets can be divided into several stages:
- Check if the grates of your furnace are suitable for using pellet fuel. If it is found that the granules fall through between their sections, replace the grate;
- Loading. To load pellets into the hopper, use a special device (spatula);
- Kindle fuel. To do this, use the usual method of igniting solid fuels or a special liquid means, although pellets burn perfectly without the last. Using liquid means for ignition, pour the required amount onto the pellets and wait a while until it is absorbed. It should be noted that some boilers have the function of automatic ignition using the built-in heater;
- Adjustment. When the pellets are sufficiently flammable, you can control the combustion process by adjusting the amount of air supplied to the furnace. To quickly heat the room, you should ensure that the big amount of air is supplied to the furnace. After reaching the required temperature, minimize the flow, ensuring uniform even burning of fuel;
- Extinguishing. The process of extinguishing of pellets should be treated responsibly. Pour them with a large amount of water, carefully checking for smoldering or undamped areas;
- Cleaning. The combustion chamber of the boilers must be cleaned periodically. Depending on the operating mode, design and fuel class, the frequency is determined individually. Regular cleaning of the boiler improves the combustion of pellets, while saving on fuel consumption.
The use of pellets as a fuel requires safety precautions. Never use gasoline, acetone or other liquids not intended for this to ignite solid fuels! If possible, install a fire extinguisher and other fire extinguishing equipment in the room where the boiler is located.
Remember, the use of wood pellets as a fuel in compliance with safety precautions, storage and use rules will help you to heat the room most economically and efficiently.